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Atomic Number is represented by the symbol Z, and is the number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom.

 

The atomic Number identifies a Chemical Element, that means adding or removing protons from the nucleus of an atom creates a different element. A nucleus with 1 proton belongs to the Hydrogen, if we have 3 protons in the nucleus, that is now a Lithium atom. Other important atomic numbers belongs to Carbon, Oxygen, Gold and Uranium:  6C, 8O, 79Au, 92U.

In an atom with neutral charge, the atomic number is also equal to the number of electrons.

The Atomic Number is the upper number in the Periodic Table of the Elements.