Today we’ll start to talk about how to prepare a solution. We need to remember that solutions are formed mixing a solute, which is usually a solid, for example sodium chloride, and a Solvent which is usually water.
To measure water we use special materials as beakers and graduated cylinders, but they just give us an approximate amount of liquid, so even when they have scales about the amount that we are measuring with them, they are not exact.
Volumetric Flasks, give us an exact amount of liquid, and when we prepare solutions they represent the final amount of the solution, as for example 100 mL or 25 mL.
When we finish preparing the solutions, we storage them. We label these bottles with the Concentration, name, date and MSDS code for the solution. Most of the storage bottles are made of glass but some solutions require plastic materials, as for example Sodium Hydroxide or Hydrofluoric acid solutions.
It is the process by which a solute (solid, liquid or gaseous) in contact with a solvent is dispersed forming a mixture in which the components are not distinguishable. The best example of a solution is a salt dissolved in water, the most common salt is the one we use every day at the table by the time we eat, this salt has a crystal form, is composed of ions sodium positively charged, and ions chloride with negative charge.
When a salt crystal is in contact with big amount of water, ions Chloride, negative charged, will be attracted by the positive side of water which are the hydrogen atoms, they take the ions from the crystal lattice, and the original solid pass to same state of the solvent.
The final mix is homogeneous and have the same properties in the whole mix.
In Chemistry is important to know the amount of solute in a solution, this value is known as Concentration of the solution. The concentration of a solution is calculated using
Next chapter will show different ways to express concentration of solutions.